Neonatal Bubble CPAP Machine

Bubble CPAP

Like adults, neonatal age will be littered with infections or conditions which will need assistance with artificial ventilation to support their breathing and overall well-being. The neonatal bubble CPAP is provided with a CPAP generator which makes it easy to line the oscillating force per unit area from 3cmH2O to 10cmH2O. The generator makes it possible to regulate the pressure bar as desired looking on the child's health ventilation needs.

The neonatal bubble CPAP machine also comes with a convenient dismountable chamber. Children are delicate, and caring for them could also be exhausting, especially when their health is on the road. As a result, the equipment is intended with helpful features whose primary purpose is to assist through the health restoration process and make the health care provider's work easier.

The merchandise also has an automatic regulating mechanism for water level. This can be made automatic to scale back the work administrated by the care provider and also ensure constant CPAP pressure. Bubble CPAPs are designed to be utilized by children below the age of 14. The bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ensures stable pressure, making it easy and comfy for a toddler to breathe.

Components of the Bubble CPAP

  • Humidifier – heater plate, finger guide found on the top, and a control panel. It also has color-coded electrodes for connecting the device as required.
  • Humidification chamber with a water bag
  • Oxygen blender
  • Infant interface
  • Pressure manifold
  • Oxygen tubing
  • Inspiratory limb
  • Expiratory limb
  • CPAP generator, which is reliable for producing CPAP pressure


Neonatal Bubble CPAP Machine is a breathing circuit with the inspiratory limb, which contains the heated humidified gas mixture. From the inspiratory limb, the mixture is delivered to the kid. It also has an expiratory limb inside the water answerable for creating the desired pressure. Developers are committed to the constant enhancement of the qualities of neonatal bubble CPAP to confirm the security of youngsters under 14 years. This has led to constantly reviewing designs and alterations to boost children's health.

Manufacturers advise that since there's a high chance that narrow expiratory tubing and high-resistance interfaces can result in challenges in CPAP delivery and even difficulties in breathing, the designs and models must be reviewed and improved from time to time.

Performance criterion

  • 55 dB level of noise (A)
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: 0.3–1.0 kPa (3–10 cmH2O)
  • Alarm for pressure shortage: Sound when the oxygen supply is withheld or interrupted.
  • Flow: 0 up to 18 liters per minute
  • Fraction of Inspired Oxygen: Between 21% and 100%

When should a care provider use the neonatal bubble CPAP?

This product will be used if a baby below the age of 14 experiences two or more of the subsequent conditions and symptoms of respiratory distress:

  • Nasal flaring
  • Tachypnea marked by more than 60 breaths per minute
  • Grunt
  • Retractions

What to understand before and through the usage of this product

There are basic principles that each care provider must consider, including:

  • Regular saturation targets for all neonates which range between 90 to 95%.
  • Whether or not the neonate is preterm – this is considered when the child is termed as sick late preterm through ROP screening or as a result of being born at less than 35 weeks.
  • It should be noted that situations predispose a child to use the neonatal bubble CPAP should be treated with ultimate care, bearing in mind that oxygen is a drug whose dose must be adhered to.
  • Its duration should be respected and upheld accordingly.
  • It is wise to use the CPAP blender for reliable effectiveness.
  • Some drugs may be used when using this product. For instance, antenatal steroids can help the care provider decrease respiratory distress's effects, especially in a preterm baby.

Significance of the Bubble CPAP Device

While using the neonatal bubble CPAP, it's essential to notice that not all bubbling could also be good bubbling. In other words, a number of it should be harmful, primarily if not regulated. this can be best explained by the difference between bubble CPAP and ventilator-derived CPAP, which occurs mechanistically. First, the bubble CPAP doesn't provide constant pressure through the infant's airway. The pressure from a bubble CPAP fluctuates approximately four cmH2O around the mean. Reckoning on the infant's health condition might be harmful if the care providers don't pay the required attention.


Generally, neonatal bubble CPAP is useful for infants and kids up to fourteen years old. Children may additionally suffer from respiratory issues that make it challenging to know adequate air using typical ways like their nostrils. There are various advantages of using this product which range from reducing respiratory distress to improving infants' quality of life. However, it's essential to require precautions, like in the case of an absence of consistency of the pressure applied to the infant's airway. The care provider must make sure that the pressure remains constant reckoning with the patient's needs.

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