Emergency Room Equipment

This is also known as the casualty or accident department. It is a medical facility specializing in emergency medicine and acute care for patients who are not visiting the hospital on appointment. The emergency room has all the basic tools required to treat ailments or injuries which are either minor or life-threatening. The services offered are also offered through training to police and fire vehicle users for handling accident services. Hence basic medical equipment are found in this department to provide effective medical care both during the day and at night.

Are you looking to start a clinic or a hospital? Then here's what you need to have to set up a casualty department:

Emergency Room Equipment

  1. Infusion Pumps
  2. Cardiac Event or ECG Monitor

This multi-parameter patient monitor displays the electrical activity and rhythm of your heart in form of electrocardiograms on the screen for treatment diagnosis of the heart.

  1. Emergency  Ventilators
  2. Portable Ultrasound Machine
  3. Incubators
  4. Sterilizer
  5. Suction Machine with Catheter
  6. Oxygen supply unit
  7. External Cardiac Defibrillator

A defibrillator monitors the heart rate of the patient are two types, either automated (AED) or manual. They send an electrical pulse to restore the heart to a normal heartbeat in case of a cardiac arrest.


How to use a defibrillator:


  • Put the sticky pads or paddles under the collarbone, on your chest. One paddle is placed under your right shoulder and the second paddle is under your left nipple.
  • Press a button found on each paddle at once. The electrical charge changes the abnormal heartbeat to have a normal rhythm.


  • Place the sticky pads in front and behind the heart of the child.
  • Press the button to deliver electrical shock which has a reduced energy level for normalizing the heartbeat.

If the defibrillation is received early enough, within ten minutes of having the cardiac arrest, it saves your life from ventricular fibrillation.

  1. Spinal Board
  2. Orthopedic Equipment

They include cast cutters for adjusting a cast that is too tight, plaster for fractured limbs, finger splints, shoulder slings, velcro wrist splints, knee immobilizers, air splints and other fiberglass materials.

  1. Oropharyngeal Airway
  2. Resuscitation Bag Valve and Mask
  3. Vaginal Speculum
  4. Gloves

Wound Management

Suture Tray

A tray to place the following tools during stitching to take care of a cut or laceration:

Scissors to cut sutures

A tourniquet to stop external bleeding

A gauze to clean the wound area

An antiseptic to clean the skin around the wound.

A gauge suture

A straight or curved hemostat for blunt dissection, a suture needle, and a needle driver as well as surgical drapes to surround the wound.

A scalpel with a blade cuts through skin smoothly if the wound needs to be extended to be treated.

Forceps grasp the tissue or skin during suturing on a skin wound.


  1. Blood Pressure Monitor
  2. Stethoscope

Used for listening to heartbeats or respiratory rates.

  1. HGT Meter or Glucometer
  2. Thermometer
  3. Oximeter
  4. Medication Bag
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